What are the ingredients of Chemical Free Mattresses

A Manufacturer should take pride in being members of the sustainable Furniture Council and Organic Trade Association, keeping up with standards of USDA Organic and eco-friendly practices. Also taking pride in using fabric that is GOTS certified. The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) in an international textile processing standard for around the world and is a organization that is backed by independent certification of the entire textile supply chain. Each and every chemical free mattress should meet the rules and regulation standards of 16 CFR 1633. Using wool as a natural fire retardant is the perfect way to use organic ingredients while meeting these standards. There should be no PBDE( POlyBrominated Diphenyl Ethers) or boric acid in any chemical free mattress. Chemical free mattresses can be shipped to your home without the added toxins, nor are there any added steps needed to get a doctor’s note. Every mattress in The Futon Shop’s chemical free futon mattress line has wool added to the top of each mattress, which acts as a natural fire retardant.

Wool is the magic ingredient that is used as a fire retardant in all Futon Shop Chemical Free Futon Mattresses. Think of wool as a thermostat, regulating temperature warming up in cold weather and cooling down in warm weather. It is a jack of all trades in such markets as mattresses, fashion, flooring, and so on. It is a muilitfaceted, practical and dependable fiber because of its high resilience to last for years. The key factor that makes wool such a beneficial ingredient in mattresses is the fire retardant property. Wool has been used in textiles for 100’s of years and is naturally a fire retardant because it does not ignite from a flame, is chemical free, pesticide free, dust mite free, hypoallergenic, and a sustainable product.

Main Features of Chemical Free Mattresses

The key is to find a mattress manufacturer that hand makes all their futon mattresses in California with full control of what goes inside each bed. All of the materials used are either grown or manufactured in the United Stated. Over the years, customer’s have desired chemical free options and good retailers will find a way each year to make new chemical free mattresses for their loyal and new customers. Master mattress makers produce the most comfortable chemical free mattresses in the industry, accommodating multiple comfort levels. Chemical Free mattresses should be constructed with your health in mind, using only the highest quality ingredients by trained mattress experts with years of experience.

Large mattress retailers purchase wholesale from mattress manufactures around the USA and import from other countries with little knowledge or control what hidden dangers they are selling to vulnerable consumers. And in return, consumers are bringing harmful toxins into their homes and danger to their families.

Petrochemical Free

Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from petroleum. Chemical free mattresses use organic ingredients such as virgin wool, organic cotton, and natural latex.

A truly chemical free mattress should not employ the use of any petrochemicals.

Memory foam and foam mattresses: Memory foam and foam (polyurethane) mattress cores have historically been a very non-green choice due to their high reliance on petroleum and chemical blowing agents (which have included ozone-destroying CFC’s and heat-trapping HFC’s), catalysts and flame retardants. They also have been known to sleep hot. Some foam makers are making headway improving the sustainability of their industry via a variety of greener source materials, manufacturing processes, and even nature-inspired designs:

Greener source materials

A green materials trend that has emerged over the past decade is to replace petroleum source materials with plant oils. Integrating plant oils (sunflower, soy) into foam formulations has been the new green alternative.

Cotton and Wool Mattresses

Cotton and Wool are naturally chemically free.

Latex Mattresses

A lot of companies make claims about their latex being chemical free. Makers of latex (aka rubber) mattresses, ostensibly made from the sap of the rubber tree (Hevea brazilensis, native to Brazil) claim that this material is naturally resistant to allergens like mold and dust mites and is more resilient than polyurethane. In my experience, it’s often a very comfortable material for mattresses.

However, when I started looking into latex’s green credentials, I found that it is usually mixed with petrochemical fillers to add durability and firmness.  Even worse, the fact that these fillers are used – sometimes even in mattresses that claim to be “100% natural latex” and “pure latex” – is usually not disclosed.

Fortunately, there are alternatives to sourcing latex from monoculture plantations, including choosing mattresses made with sustainable forestry-oriented “jungle rubber.”  Like shade grown coffee, these operations grow rubber trees in a more diverse agro-forestry matrix. Unless you’ve found a mattress with latex that’s certified as sourced from this type of operation, it’s probably not as eco-friendly as claimed.

The key is to look for latex that is certified organic.

VOC Free

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gases from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short and long-term adverse health effects. Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors (up to ten times higher) than outdoors. VOCs are emitted by a wide array of products numbering in the thousands.

EPA’s Office of Research and Development’s “Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (TEAM) Study” (Volumes I through IV, completed in 1985) found levels of about a dozen common organic pollutants to be 2 to 5 times higher inside homes than outside, regardless of whether the homes were located in rural or highly industrial areas. TEAM studies indicated that while people are using products containing organic chemicals, they can expose themselves and others to very high pollutant levels, and elevated concentrations can persist in the air long after the activity is completed.

Conventional mattresses are usually made of polyurethane foam or synthetic latex which generally off-gas VOCs. It’s difficult to find out exactly which chemicals were used in a particular mattress. On top of that, flame retardants like PBDEs, chlorinated Tris, or newer chemicals are often added, and won’t be listed anywhere in sight. Couches, curtains and pillows also frequently contain flame retardants.

You also want to avoid mattresses, curtains and upholstery that are stain resistant, as they contain harmful chemicals. Similarly, the chemical that makes sheets (and clothes) wrinkle-free releases formaldehyde.

VOC-Free Organic Mattresses

Natural latex, virgin wool, and organic cotton mattresses with cotton (or wool) covers are great chemical free mattress options.

There are plenty of options for natural latex mattresses made in US and Canada. (Make sure it is 100% natural latex, claims zero-VOCs, and test for odors/sensitivities to make sure nothing was added to it).

Pesticide Free

If it has the suffix –cide in it, then you know it’s meant to kill something. Pesticides are designed to kill insects, fungus, bacteria and other things that feed on crops, are vectors for disease, nuisances, and things that destroy property. Farming is big business and some farming companies are bottom-line driven, in business to make money at any cost. Pesticides and genetically modified organisms are a way to ensure they get the crop yield they demand, no matter how it hurts the environment or the consumers.

Pesticides can be toxic to humans and lower animals. It can take a small amount of some toxins to kill. And other toxins that are slower acting, may take a long time to cause harm to the human body.

Children seem to be greatly susceptible to the toxic effects of pesticides. The Natural Resource Defense Council has collected data which recorded higher incidence of childhood leukemia, brain cancer and birth defects. These results correlated with early exposure to pesticides.

Even just using pesticides in amounts within regulation, studies have revealed neurotoxins can do serious damage during development. Researchers report the dangers of pesticides can start as early as fetal stages of life. The Pesticides entry at Wikipedia.org lists some of the results that have been recorded in recent years including:

  • Fetuses, (pre-birth babies), may suffer from exposure and exhibit behavioral problems, growth issues
  • Lower cognitive scores, fewer nerve cells and lower birth weight
  • A lower resistance to the toxic effects of pesticides
  • A greater risk (70% increase), for Parkinson’s disease, even with low levels of pesticides

What you also need to understand is that toxins from pesticides can remain in the body and build up in the liver. And, even at “safe” levels your reactions can be mild to severe. High levels of exposure can be fatal. How do you know if you’re going to be ill? You don’t; you just have to hope for the best. How will you be affected? Well, you don’t really know how you body will react to the toxins until it happens. Several factors determine how your body will react including your level of exposure, the type of chemical you ingest, and your individual resistance to the chemicals. Some people are unaffected or are mildly affected, while others become severely ill from similar levels of exposure. Some possible reactions are:

  • Fatigue
  • Fatigue
  • Skin Irritations
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Breathing Problems
  • Brain Disorders
  • Blood Disorders
  • Liver & Kidney Damage
  • Reproductive Damage
  • Cancer
  • Death

Isolating the main organic ingredients in chemical free mattresses that have the possibility of being exposed to pesticides; we have wool, cotton, and latex. Here are the standards that organic mattress manufacturers should use to ensure quality organic ingredients.

Virgin Wool – sheep live on free range pastures free of dangerous pesticides.

Organic Cotton – grown on plantations without the use of pesticides that meet federal USDA organic regulations.

Natural Latex – grown on plantations without the use of pesticides that meet federal USDA organic regulations.

Non – Tufted Mattresses

Great non tufted mattresses. They are the perfect solution to going organic but still getting that Tempur-pedic feel.

Latex Mattresses

Cozy Comfort Natural Organic Latex and Spring Futon Bed Mattress

Soy Memory Foam Mattresses

Viscose Supreme

Gel Soy Memory Foam Mattresses

Heavenly Glacier Gel Memory Foam

Cool Rest Comfortable Gel Futon Mattress

Healthy Rest Visco Gel Memory Foam Futon Mattress

Mattress Toppers

Phiten Renew Mattress Latex Topper

Phiten Mattresses

Phiten Clarity Futon Mattress

Phiten Body Futon Mattress

Phiten Essence Futon Firm Mattress


Watch a great video on Tufted vs. Un Tufted Mattresses

Click to learn how to avoid a lumpy mattress.

Click to learn more about which mattress is right for which sleep position.

Do I need to flip or rotate my mattress?

If you have an older mattress, you should be used to flipping or rotating your mattress to avoid uncomfortable body impressions. The days of flipping your mattress are slowly coming to an end, thanks to new technology and innovation in mattress construction. But don’t be fooled, these new and improved mattresses may be “no-flip”, but they still need to be rotated to prolong the lifespan. New mattresses should be rotated, on average, every 3 months. But use your best judgment and if you feel a bit of a sag or can see one with the naked eye, it might be best to rotate your mattress more often.

Cotton needs to be rotated quarterly. When a mattress is new it should be rotated every time you change your sheets for the first 3 months than quarterly after that.

Click to see a list of no flip mattresses.

Click to read more about box springs and platform beds.

Click to read more about air circulation and your mattress.

Click to read more about tufted vs. untufted mattresses.

Click to learn more about which mattress is right for which sleep position.